Differences Between AI vs Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning
Differences Between AI vs Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning

Artificial Intelligence AI vs Machine Learning Columbia AI

ai and ml meaning

Variance - Colloquially, a description of how much a model’s outputs vary based on the data it is presented. Models with high variance have very different results based on the data they are presented, often meaning that they do poorly when asked to predict datasets that are different from their training set. Image Enrichment - The process of a machine learning program adding metadata — additional details about an image spanning from information about the photographer to text descriptions — to an image.

ai and ml meaning

In this article, I tried to provide the definitions of artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning. AI can be considered as an umbrella term of this world, ML is the technical part of this world and DL is the subset of ML which helped the progress of AI to jump to another level. Google improved its translation service by replacing its statistical methods with deep learning methods.

Machine Learning Algorithms

A good example of extremely capable AI would be Boston Dynamic’s Atlas robot, which can physically navigate through the world while avoiding obstacles. It doesn’t know what it can encounter, but it still functions admirably well without structured data. The data here is much more complex than in the fraud detection example, because the variables are unknown.

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In the 1950s-1960s, researchers focused on developing early AI programs that could solve problems symbolically using logical reasoning. By the 1970s, AI research moved towards knowledge-based systems, which represented knowledge in the form of rules and used inference engines to reason and solve problems. Intelligent robots and artificial beings first appeared in ancient Greek myths. And Aristotle’s development of syllogism and its use of deductive reasoning was a key moment in humanity’s quest to understand its own intelligence.

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The type of algorithm data scientists choose depends on the nature of the data. Many of the algorithms and techniques aren't limited to just one of the primary ML types listed here. They're often adapted to multiple types, depending on the problem to be solved and the data set. For instance, deep learning algorithms such as convolutional neural networks and recurrent neural networks are used in supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning tasks, based on the specific problem and availability of data. Then, in the 1980s and 1990s machine learning and neural networks brought new approaches to AI. Machine learning algorithms, such as decision trees and neural networks, allowed systems to learn patterns and make predictions based on data.

ai and ml meaning

These are services focus on the single job, whether that’s scheduling meeting, automating repetitive work, etc. Vertical AI Bots performs just one job for you and do it so well, that we might mistake them for a human. Machines and programs need to have bountiful information related to the world to often act and react like human beings.

The definitions of any word or phrase linked to a new trend is bound to be somewhat fluid in its interpretation. However, AI, ML and algorithm are three terms that have been around for long enough to have a fixed meaning assigned to them. Rule-based decisions worked for simpler situations with clear variables. Even computer-simulated chess is based on a series of rule-based decisions that incorporate variables such as what pieces are on the board, what positions they're in, and whose turn it is. The problem is that these situations all required a certain level of control. At a certain point, the ability to make decisions based simply on variables and if/then rules didn't work.

ai and ml meaning

The term artificial intelligence was first used in 1956, at a computer science conference in Dartmouth. AI described an attempt to model how the human brain works and, based on this knowledge, create more advanced computers. The scientists expected that to understand how the human mind works and digitalize it shouldn’t take too long. After all, the conference collected some of the brightest minds of that time for an intensive 2-months brainstorming session. You can think of deep learning and artificial intelligence as a set of Russian dolls nested within each other, beginning with the smallest and working out. Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, and machine learning is a subset of AI, which is an umbrella term for any computer program that does something smart.

Feature engineering involves extracting, selecting, or creating relevant data features to help the AI model learn patterns and make more accurate predictions. This step may involve domain expertise, statistical analysis, or automated feature selection techniques. The wearable sensors and devices used in the healthcare industry also apply deep learning to assess the health condition of the patient, including their blood sugar levels, blood pressure and heart rate. They can also derive patterns from a patient’s prior medical data and use that to anticipate any future health conditions.


Wide learning models use deep learning to capture deep semantic relationships and feature engineering to capture wide feature interactions. This combination enables improved modeling of complex relationships in large-scale, sparse datasets. Training typically involves optimization algorithms to iteratively update the weights and minimize error. Neural networks are increasingly popular due to their ability to adapt to diverse data types, and achieve advanced speech recognition, image classification, and natural language understanding. Reactive AI systems are the most basic type, lacking memory and the ability to use past experiences for future decisions. Reactive machines can only respond to current inputs and do not possess any form of learning or autonomy.

Why Is Machine Learning Important?

ML is a science of designing and applying algorithms that are able to learn things from past cases. If some behaviour exists in past, then you may predict if or it can happen again. Data-driven decisions increasingly make the difference between keeping up with competition or falling further behind. Machine learning can be the key to unlocking the value of corporate and customer data and enacting decisions that keep a company ahead of the competition. Now that we have gone over the basics of artificial intelligence, let’s move on to machine learning and see how it works.

Recent research found that AI innovation has actually outperformed Moore’s Law, doubling every six months or so as opposed to two years. AI is an umbrella term for the ability of machines to mimic aspects of the human neural network. Machine Learning is a subset of AI trying to make computers learn and act like humans do while improving their learning over time in an autonomous way. In the education space, AI can be used to provide personalized teachings based on each child’s needs and also allow greater access to education. It can help unlock the incredible potential of talent with disabilities.

Supervised learning

Weak AI is often focused on performing a single task extremely well. While these machines may seem intelligent, they operate under far more constraints and limitations than even the most basic human intelligence. The best way for a business to get started using AI is to use an existing AI platform. While it’s true that building artificial intelligence from scratch is incredibly expensive and complicated, it’s not the only — or even the preferred — way to bring AI to your organization. A better and simpler option for many companies is to implement existing AI platforms within your business. From there, your Data Scientist sets up a supervised Machine Learning model containing the perfect recipe and production process.

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ai and ml meaning

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